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Chinese export porcelain teapot decorated en grisaille with an agricultural scene, Qianlong.

Stock Number: 4754

Very rare Chinese export porcelain teapot (3 holes drainer) and cover decorated in grisaille and gilt with an unrecorded busy domestic agricultural scene, c. 1740, Qianlong reign, Qing dynasty, l. 20 cm, 8 in. 4-16195

Provenance: Jorge Welsh, Lisboa, Portugal; Dr Carlos David Duarte de Almeida, Cascais, Portugal.

Illustrated: Tang to Qing Ceramics, by A. Varela Santos, 2017/2018 catalogue, cat. 63.

◆ This scene could be the harvesting and transportation of red sorghum 红高粱 hong gao liang, grown normally in the north of China (former Manchuria) where it's quite difficult to grow normal wheat due to its arid soil. The Chinese use it to make noodles and baijiu spirit.

Red sorghum can be used as a symbol in the Chinese culture. Some stories are named after it because it is crucial to Chinese people who view it not only as food, the living energy, but also as a general concept of the motherland. 

Baijiu or shaojiu is a distilled alcoholic beverage usually sorghum-based, but some varieties are distilled from huangjiu or other rice-based drinks. Typically they all have an alcohol content greater than 30% and are so similar in color and feel to vodka that baijiu is sometimes known as "Chinese vodka". There are many varieties, classified by their fragrance, but most are only distilled once, permitting stronger flavors and scent than vodka. Today the prestige brand within China is the "sauce-scented" Moutai or Mao-t'ai, produced in the southern city of Maotai in Guizhou. More common brands include Wuliangye and varieties of erguotou.


藏品來源:Jorge Welsh,葡萄牙里斯本; Dr Carlos David Duarte de Almeida, 葡萄牙卡斯凱什。

圖示: 《唐代至清代陶瓷》阿.瓦瑞拉.桑托斯, 2017/2018圖錄,編號,第63頁。

◆ 畫片中所繪景色可能為收割及運輸紅高粱的場景.紅高粱通常生長在中國東北(前滿洲),那裡土地乾旱,普通麥子不易生長.中國人用紅高粱來製作麵條或釀造白酒。