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Chinese export porcelain octagonal dish decorated with the “Dutch folly fort”, Qianlong.
Stock Number: 5133
Massive Chinese export porcelain octagonal dish decorated in underglaze cobalt blue (qinghua) with the “Dutch folly fort”, c. 1780, Qianlong reign, Qing dynasty, 45,5x38 cm; 18x15 in. 1-19364a (5133)
• Porcelain and the Dutch China Trade, by C.J.A Jörg, 1982 The Hague, p. 70, cat. 18 for a saucer decorated in underglaze cobalt blue;
• Kiinalaista Posliinia Suomessa, Chinese Porcelain in Finland, by H. Hyvönen, 1986 Finland, p. 147, cat. 262 for a dish decorated in opaque enamels.
◆ The Dutch folly fort was built on a sand bank in the Pearl River close to the foreign factories in Canton (Guangzhou) in a place said to be near a memorial temple to Li Maoying (1200-1257) of the Song dynasty.
The Folly forts were a series the defensive structures set up by the Chinese in the Ming dynasty to protect Guangzhou (Canton). By the beginning of the Qing dynasty the advances in cannonry made them redundant and they fell into disrepair. Several European countries, including the French and the Dutch, used them for storage and as bases for the staff. The Dutch Folly fort was situated to the East of Guangzhou.